Indian intelligence has developed a way to identify fake news online that is not the product of the Russian government, an investigative report has found.
The revelation comes amid rising alarm about the influence of fake news on American elections, as well as efforts by state-sponsored actors to sow discord in the digital space.
The report, which examines how foreign powers and state-run media in the United States and Europe have manipulated social media, includes some of the biggest revelations to emerge from a wide-ranging investigation into Russian efforts to influence the 2016 presidential election and the broader global political environment.
The authors of the report, led by Professor Richard Bremmer of Harvard’s Berkman Center for Internet & Society, said they found evidence that “Russian-backed media outlets, including RT and Sputnik, have been deliberately spreading false information on social media and in mainstream media outlets and elsewhere, and that Russian intelligence has been actively attempting to influence U.S. politics.”
“The Russian propaganda machine is leveraging social media to spread disinformation,” said Bremmers co-author Andrew Feinberg, a senior fellow at the Berkman Institute for International Studies at Harvard.
The experts’ report is based on documents, analysis and interviews with more than 200 people, as the U.K.-based Institute for Critical Infrastructure Technology and the National Security Agency continue to investigate Russian attempts to influence elections around the world.
The investigation, the authors say, offers a blueprint for future cyber operations to influence democratic and economic systems around the globe, including the U,S.
and European Union.
“This report is part of the larger narrative of an increasingly globalised and information-rich global system,” said Feinberg.
The findings also reveal how Russian intelligence is using social media platforms to spread misinformation on political issues, including issues related to Brexit, the election of Donald Trump and the Brexit vote in the U., as well.
“The Russians have succeeded in getting a number of American citizens and even U.N. employees to believe what they want to believe,” Feinberg said.
“They have been able to do this by exploiting people’s ignorance, fear, anger and resentment.”
In the case of Brexit, for example, Russian-backed disinformation spread that it was a “one-off” vote, and a “bad thing” that the U.-K.
would soon have to negotiate, the report said.
In the U-K.
referendum, Trump’s supporters said they would vote to leave the European Union and leave the United Kingdom.
The Kremlin responded by saying the vote was fraudulent and “the biggest fraud in the history of the world.”
In another example, the Russians were able to create fake news stories to spread that the United Nations was trying to undermine the legitimacy of Brexit and that Trump had won.
Trump has said that the election was “rigged” against him.
“We will get out of the European union, and we will have a country that works for all of its people, not just a country for billionaires and the super-rich,” Trump said during the 2016 U.k. election.
The research findings are based on interviews with journalists, experts, experts from academia, private sector and the intelligence community.
The United States was among the first nations to take action against Russian meddling in U.s. politics and the 2016 election.
In 2016, the U:S.
Congress passed legislation that imposed sanctions on Russians suspected of being involved in interfering in the 2016 campaign and election.
And the Trump administration and some members of Congress have said they believe Russia sought to help Trump win the presidency.
The sanctions also targeted Russian military intelligence agents and Russian businesses that had dealings with Trump’s campaign.
Russian President Vladimir Putin has denied that his government was involved in meddling in the election.
Trump and other members of his administration have said Russia was not trying to influence election results, and have called for more cooperation with Russia in its efforts to fight cyber threats.
Security Council voted unanimously to adopt a resolution in June that called for an independent investigation into the U.:S.
Russia has denied interfering.
“Russia and the U of A are close friends and cooperate closely in many areas,” Feinbrooks co-authors wrote in the report.
“A common goal is to build a new kind of cooperative relationship between the two countries and the international community.”
In May, Trump fired the chief U. S. diplomat for Russia, Sergey Kislyak, who had been working on behalf of the Trump campaign.
Flynn had misled Vice President Mike Pence about his discussions with Kislyak, including about the sanctions on Russia.
The news of Flynn’s firing was a shock to many in Washington, and prompted the resignation of three top Trump advisers in the wake of the allegations.
“Flynn’s firing raised serious concerns about his ability to lead,” Feinber said.
The Harvard-led research, which was conducted in collaboration with the Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS), was co-written by Feinberg and Feinberg’s former boss